Hanging a picture or blinds to fastening screws to install the cupboard, you just list it, where you didn't find the drill's efficacy. The flexibility of the drill actually makes it is one of the most useful household equipment for any DIY or professional.
Among corded and cordless drills, the cordless drill, however, gives you extra freedom and is an essential tool for any homeowner. So, gentlemen! If you don't have one, stop reading and visit our page of the best cordless drill reviews to pick your one. This really is sooo… important!
After grabbing your drill, the next imperative task is to know the details thereof and how to use a cordless drill correctly. Proper adaptation will give you that tool's maximum output. Let's scroll down to glimpse this instructable where we tried to cover the necessary steps, from beginning to end.
What is a cordless drill?
You might already guess that a cordless drill is a tool that uses battery power instead of a corded power source. Whereas drill, corded or cordless, usually used to make holes in materials or to drive fasteners. To fasten or remove the screws, you need to insert the 'driver bit' and or to make the holes, you need to mount the 'drill bit' to the device that will be locked by the chuck.
What Can You Do With A Cordless Drill?
Humm... we have already mentioned that the drill driver is the most useful tool for home improvement and other professional work. So, you can do just about anything and everything with it! You'll find a wide range of usability, starting from the hanging of a picture to the furniture assembly. They even come in handy to fasten pieces together with screws or to make holes for hooks.
It is, therefore, a very convenient tool to do drilling and driving to sanding and rubbing. This device could also be used for special purposes, such as dentistry or orthopedic surgery, make a magic wand, or spin some yarn.
Know your drill
The drill is the most common and easy-to-use power tool. But, if you don't know the subtle changes, you can't get most out of it.
We're here to talk about the core parts of the cordless drill and their reconfiguration procedures for those who are DIYers or the greenest apprentices. However, our review will not include a solution to the problems. Sorry! Sorry!
A rechargeable battery provides power and necessary convenience to the cordless drill. Therefore, you must check whether or not it comes with a charger during purchase. There is a different battery voltage available on the market. However, the most common volt is 18 to 20-volt batteries. A 20-volt battery can provide you with enough power to make up most of what Pros do.
There are three types of batteries on the market: nickel-cadmium (NiCd), nickel-metal hydride (NiMH) and Lithium-ion (Li-Ion). Among those, Li-Ion is the latest technology and the perfect match in any contest (power, runtime, battery memory, etc).
The proper maneuver, i.e., drilling or screwing, depends on the correct setting of the twisting force or torque of the drill. The part that controls the drill's torque is known as the clutch. There is both an automatic and a manual clutch system, though.
With an automatic clutch, you don't need to set the necessary torque to drill or drive it. Its auto-sense technology makes a trial and an error on your behalf and is great for beginners. If you want to escape the hassle of manual torque adjustment, then you may check out this 20V MAX lithium-ion drill/driver with autosense technology.
However, most of the drill drivers on the market come with a numbered dial system. You have to select a lower number for the less torque and vice versa. Usually, for large screws and hardwood or materials, you have to set a bigger number to get maximum torque, and for softer wood and small screws, it's better to start with a lower number.
The part that holds a bit securely in place is known as chuck. Typically, a chuck is a three-point clamp. Depends on the model, it might be keyless or come with a small key to tighten the chuck. The keyless chuck is more convenient as you can stretch it without the help of any extra tools.
Again there are two types of chuck: single-sleeve and double-sleeve, where single-sleeve configuration offering smooth one-handed operation.
Always double-check the bit setting into the chuck for additional security. To do that, try to move the bit clockwise and counterclockwise to check whether it set correctly or not.
When handling a project, large or DIY, you may need both the forward (clockwise) and the reverse (counterclockwise) mode. Every cordless drill, however, comes with a button located just right over the trigger to control the rotation of the bit.
Forward speed helps you push the screws and dig the hole, while after drilling, the reverse spin lets you get out of the hole smoothly. The counterclockwise or backward motion also helps to remove screws and other fasteners quickly.
Most cordless drills come with a trigger that can control drill spins. It helps you increase or decrease the speed according to your needs. When you need high-speed rotation, press the trigger firmly and release the trigger gently to slow down or stop the drill.
Again, based on the complexity of the work, it can be a single-speed or multi-speed trigger. The single-speed trigger is ideal for basic work where you need a high torque for driving screws or for drilling large holes.
On the other side, multi-speed cordless drills such as the BLACK+DECKER LDX220C 20V MAX 2-Speed Cordless Drill Driver help you make quick, fast holes and drive with its high-speed low-torque option and drill large holes with its low-speed yet high-torque option.
Based on work nature, you may need to work in the remote or darkest corner of the room. An LED helps you to illuminate your drilling area for better visibility.
The LED light can be positioned below the handle, at the top of, or actually on the chuck and should be switched on automatically when the speed control trigger is pulled.
Speed Range Switch
Some cordless drill driver design with multiple gear options and, therefore, variable speed ranges that allow you to perform a wide-ranging of tasks. The speed range selector switch at the top will enable you to alternate between the gears.
During work, you may need to change between drills to driver bit. Bit holder, therefore, allows you to hold an extra one securely.
Although it's not an integral part of the cordless drill, it's one of the essential accessories because you can't do anything without it. Based on the working criteria, there is a wide range of bit size and shape available on the market. What you need to take care of is not to use one bit for another purpose. More clearly, you can use a paddle bit to dig a hole in a wooden piece, while you have to use a screwdriver bit to drive a screw.
Safety of a cordless drill
We talk a lot about the composition of the cordless drill. Now let focus on how to use a cordless drill safely and efficiently.
How to use a drill driver
You might think that's why we're bringing this point so last. However, you may notice that we have already discussed several essential aspects of the correct use of a cordless drill in the earlier part of this review. Here, we're going to light up some basic setting for a cordless drill.
So, hang on to calm and walk with us a little bit more.
Step 1: Select a Drill Bit
To select a drill bit, first, you need to measure the size and depth of the hole you're going to drill. Among the various types of drill bits, twist drill bits are more common and useful for cutting smaller and regular holes into wood or metal. Besides this, you'll also find Spur Point, Countersink, Flat Wood, Forstner, Hole-Saw, Masonry Bits, and many more. Each of them has some specific functions, though.
On the other hand, to drive the screws, you need to choose the screwdriver bits that are made up of a Philip, square, or hexagonal tips and shank - ideal for drilling pilot openings.
Step 2: Put the Chosen Bit Into the Drill
Grab the handle firmly and move the chuck counterclockwise to loosen it. Do it until the jaw is wide enough to keep the bit correctly.
Insert the drill bit as far as it goes, then twist the sleeve of the device clockwise until the drill bit is secured. To remove the bit, turn the sleeve in the counterclockwise direction by holding the handle firmly.
Step 3: Check All Other Settings
Battery: Check whether the battery power is in full charge or not before it starts working. During a break, please remove the battery from the drill and place it in the charging condition.
Speed Range: Check the speed range you are selecting for. Use the low-speed setting for driving screws and drilling in metal or plastic and high speed for drilling in wood.
Action Mode: Check for the mode of operation. Use drill settings for boring holes and drive settings for driving screws. Set the hammer mode for drilling into masonry or bricks.
Clutch Setting: Check the setting of the clutch according to the nature of your job. Choose a low-setting for soft materials such as drywall and a high-setting for masonry or decking.
Forward and Reverse setting: When drilling holes or driving screws, set the tool in forwarding mode and remove drill bits from the hole or expel the screw using reverse settings.
Step 4: Fix Up Your Material
The material in which you are going to drill should be secured to a sturdy surface. For example, if you want a piece of wood to be drilled, clamp it down with a table. It's better, however, if you place the scrap wood under the materials you're going to dig.
Step 5: Drill the Hole
Once it's all set, there's nothing between the bit and the piece you're going to drill. So, first, touch the point where you're going to make a hole, and then pull the trigger slowly. Be sure that the drill is perfectly perpendicular to the surface to get a straight shaft.
When the bit is slightly cut into the material, you can speed up and apply constant pressure until you have cut through the material. Once the hole has been cut, spin the bit in the same direction and pull it out to get a cleaner hole.
Step 6: Examine the Hole
Once you have cut the pit, check whether or not the screw enters into it easily. If you have a problem with the size, take a bigger bit and drill again in the same way.
Step 7: Clean Up
After the drilling works have been completed, the next task is to clean up the entire site if any debris or dust is left. It will give you a fresh start for the following day.
Check this video to know more about how to use a cordless drill
What else can you do with it?
Finally, store it in the right place
To get long-term support from your cordless drill, proper maintenance is needed. If your model comes with a carrying bag or case, store it in it after every use. Before you do that, disconnect the battery from the drill driver, though.
Once you've drilled a hole in your home or furniture, you can't get it back. So, before applying this tool to the final materials, first plan, practice, and go slow.
Any Rookie Tips:
Nothing special, but it's relevant. Please read the instruction manual carefully provided by your manufacturer before proceeding to the operation. And finally, don't be afraid of a cordless drill. Do some homework and enjoy drilling or driving!
There's nothing that can deter you from using these most useful tools anymore. We hope you'll now feel like you can pick up this baby and do all your household projects by yourself. So, take your own drill and get to work.